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PH meter is an electric device that measures hydrogen-ion activity (acidity or alkalinity) in a solution.

Is basically a voltmeter attached to a PH responsive electrode and a reference (unvarying) electrode.

The PH responsive electrode is usually glass and the reference is usually a mercury-mercurous chloride (calomel) electrode. Although a silver-silver chloride is sometimes used.

When the two electrodes are immersed in a solution they act as a battery.

The glass electrode develops an electric potential (charge) that is directly related to the hydrogen-ion activity in the solution (59.2 millivolts per PH unit at 25C (77F) and the voltmeter measures the potential difference between the glass and the reference electrode

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